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Further reading




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Target typologies



Terrorists choose their targets carefully, depending on their ideology and aims. They are looking to achieve maximum effect with a minimum of effort. This makes predicting possible sites of attacks extremely difficult.

However we can make some general distictions between certain types of targets.

Symbolic targets such as embassies are protected easily. They are not open to the general public and thus extra security will not affect a lot of people. Mass targets are much more difficult to secure without hindering people using the space. These spaces are usually designed to ensure an efficient and unhindered flow of people, exactly the opposite of design.


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      Symbolic Mass (regular) Mass (incidental events) Economic  
          Symbolic targets are usually embassies or govermental buildings, but depending on ideology any building can become symbolic. ( Animal rights activists target Mc Donalds) (Also people can be symbolic targets, but this outside the scope of the research). Any space that sees a regular use by groups of people. Usually mass transit systems. (But in Russia schools, hospitals and theatres were attacked in the past) Any space that has some large gathering of people. ( The IRA has targeted the horseraces in London, and in Russia a popfestival was hit by a suicidebomber). Any concentration of economic power, symbolic or real ( The IRA targeted the international financial centre(s) in London and attacks by Al Qauda on oilrefineries in Saudi Arabia)